My grandmother's side of the family has managed to track the Veatch name back to the time of William the Conqueror. Because of that I know that my family from my grandmother's side never entered through Ellis Island. My great (8 times) grandfather and uncles were in America to fight the Revolutionary War, long before an immigration depot was considered. I know my great-grandfather Joe Lisuzzo and his brother (on my father's mother's side) stowed away on a ship at age 16 and 17 out of Italy and came to America. So I know they never went through Ellis Island. However, my father's father's side were out of Germany and very well may have come through the Island. I thought it'd be interesting to look into this place that so many of our ancestors were processed through.
In 1774 a New York merchant named Samuel Ellis purchased the island. In an ad for its sale in 1785 Ellis called it "That pleasant situated island". The Island was a favorite spot to dig for oysters or visit the tavern Ellis built there and to enjoy the view of New York's bustling harbor. Ellis never was able to sell his island, and his descendants inherited it after he passed away in 1794.
In 1808 New York State bought the property.
The government saw the value in Ellis Island with its clear view of the entrance to New York Harbor. They built Fort Gibson which gave them strategic value as a defense post.The Immigration Act of 1891, established the Office of Immigration and began to administer immigration affairs. The government also appropriated money to build a new immigrant inspection station on Ellis Island. The Immigration Act assigned the Marine Hospital Service the responsibility of examining the immigrants and insuring their good health before entering the United States.
|Doctors inspecting immigrants|
Prior to construction of the first immigration depot on Ellis Island, they doubled the island's size with landfill. A ferry slip was dredged and a dock installed next to the main building site. Several older buildings from the island's military post days were modified and used. On January 1, 1892 the first immigration building was opened.
Economic depression kept the immigration numbers low and Ellis Island processed fewer than 20,000 immigrants annually. In 1897 the wooden structures were destroyed by fire, but the government immediately rebuilt with fireproof buildings.
|Original Immigration Building|
|Newly Built Immigration Building|
Ellis Island processed almost 12 million immigrants through the immigration station between 1892 and 1954 when the station closed. However, by 1924 the anti-immigration legislation which was designed to establish quotas according to nationality caused a significant reduction in numbers of immigrants allowed to enter the United States of America.
This was filmed on July 9th, 1903 by Edison Studios. It shows
immigrants disembarking from the steam ferryboat William Myers.
So now some fun and interesting facts about Ellis Island.
In 1942 President Roosevelt issued an order authorizing the relocation of people with "foreign enemy ancestry" living in the United States (120,000 Japanese, 11,000 Germans, 3000 Italians were detained across the country). Serving as an internment camp throughout World War II, thousands of people were detained on Ellis Island. The majority being Germans, but some Italians and Japanese were also held.
Ellis Island is federal property and throughout history has been considered in New York, however the United States Supreme Court appointed a Special Master to mediate a dispute. In 1998 a ruling came down that the original island belongs to New York, but the part added after 1834 belongs to New Jersey.
If you'd like to find out more information about Ellis Island the National Parks Service has a wealth of information.
I'm giving away a copy of Devotions by Beth Moore. Share some of your genealogy research or leave a comment to be entered. Giveaway ends July 14th. Good Luck! Can't wait to chat with you.
Debbie Lynne Costello is represented by Tamela Hancock Murray of the Steve Laube Agency. She attended Heritage University, where she studied Journalism and worked in the editing department.
Her stories are set mostly in Charleston, SC and Savannah, GA during the late 19th century.