In the aftermath of the Civil War, settlers poured into the new state of Nebraska, each one bent on claiming free land--160 acres acquired by paying a $10 filing fee and living on the land (and improving it) for five years. Soldiers who'd become restless after the war, people whose physicians recommend the west as a place to regain their health, folks fleeing economic depression and financial panics of the 1870s, and immigrants escaping economic and political upheaval in Europe all comprised part of the tide of settlers.
"Imagine traveling 10,000 miles--or even 1,000 miles--to make a new start. At last the pioneer reached the selected land on the Nebraska plains. He had a wagon drawn by two horses, a few supplies, an axe, a plow, a shovel, a barrel or two, a canary, a wife, and three kids. With this he had to build a home. There was not a tree to e seen--in fact, none had been seen for three days. There were no rocks, no stone outcroppings. There was absolutely nothing but sky and grass." (Roger Welsch)
It sounds bleak, but pioneer women brought beauty with them. They brought quilts, and quilts are about a lot more than keeping a family warm.
|Maria Jane Forsythe Newton
photo courtesy of the family
Maria Jane Forsythe Newton gave birth to her fifth child a month after her husband, Abel, was drafted into the Ohio Infantry. Abel and Maria had always planned to move west, but Abel never fully recovered from lung problems that began during his service in the Civil War. After he passed away, Maria the five children still living at home joined family in Furnas County, Nebraska, moving into the sod house originally built by Maria's parents.
|Wedding Ring Quilt
made by Maria Jane Forsythe Newton.
Family letters and memories show that Grandmother Newton was a hard-working family matriarch who made quilts, sheered sheep, carded wool, spun yarn, made clothing, and wove carpet strips. She was one of a group of "very good quilters" who met weekly at Bethel Church in Stamford, Nebraska, to earn money for missions. Family remembered that Mrs. Newton loved working with blue and white. She made the quilt pictured at right.
"I have got Harold, Ralph quilt top done and gave to them. Got Lye's done ready to join. Have all my grandchildren done. Thirty-one. That is a lot of piecing but something they will remember me every time they see the quilt."
Maria Jane Forsythe Newton is only one of the Nebraska pioneer quiltmakers featured in Home on the Plains: Quilts and the Sod House Experience by Kathleen Moore and Stephanie Grace Whitson. Learn more here: https://www.amazon.com/Home-Plains-Quilts-House-Experience/dp/1935362801/ref=sr1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1536361537&sr=8-1&keywords=Home+on+the+Plains. For information on ordering autographed copies, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.