Sunday, January 28, 2018

1942-1943: Terror in the Tropics (PLUS a Giveaway!)

Missionaries versus the Imperial Japanese Army

April, 1942. Panay Island, Central Philippines.

About four months after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Americans on Panay faced a gut-wrenching decision. At that point it wasn’t if the Japanese would invade, it was when. Americans would be ordered to surrender and take their chances in a Japanese internment camp. Or they could hide and hope to wait out the occupation.

The horrors of the Japanese occupation of China weighed on everyone's minds. Eleven families of American Baptist missionaries—and many other Americans—opted for the hide-and-hope option.

As they debated, defenses on Luzon, the Philippines’ largest island, were crumbling. On April 9, the infamous 65-mile Bataan Death March began, resulting in the brutal deaths of thousands of Filipino and American prisoners of war.

And of course no one knew this, but somewhere to the northeast, Task Force 18 was steaming across the Pacific, carrying Jimmy Doolittle and his B-25 Mitchell bombers to their appointment with destiny: the Doolittle Raid. (See Cindy K. Stewart’s posts on this subject... and my upcoming novel, The Plum Blooms in Winter!)

A Filipino Baptist pastor, Reverend Dianala, offered a group of missionary families refuge. He proposed hiding them in a hamlet in the island’s interior. From that point, they could flee further into the rugged Cordillera mountains if needed.

Many other Americans developed a similar strategy and settled nearby. These included staff members from the former Iloilo Mission Hospital and from Central Philippine College, as well as some Americans involved in the mining industry.

James and Charma Covell

Among the Central Philippine College staff were Prof. James and Charma Covell. Jimmy, a graduate of Brown University, taught Bible and English for twenty years at Kanto Gakuin University in Yokohama, Japan. When a dangerous militarism began to crest there in the 1930s, Jimmy felt strongly that the Christian church in Japan was too willing to acquiesce. 

The Covell family in Yokohama. Peggy is the oldest girl.

Jimmy's antiwar activism became too noticeable to the wrong people. The Covells’ mission board concluded it would be safest to reassign them. Jimmy and Charma made the move to Panay in 1939, then in 1940 sent their three children back to the U.S. to school.

On the Run

The Americans' first hiding places lasted less than ten days. The Japanese aerial surveillance was unrelenting. They needed a spot with better cover.

Dianala suggested a new refuge--an unimproved forest canyon in a deep ravine accessible only by a precipitous footpath. The American families hired locals to build traditional grass huts, engineered a system of running water, organized a stunning space under a canopy of trees for worship, and named the place “Hopevale.” 

Hopevale would be their home for eighteen long months.

If it sounds idyllic, it wasn't. Supplies dwindled. Shoes wore out. And the enemy closed in. There were many days and nights when the Americans left their rustic huts to cower in claustrophobic dugouts hidden beneath the forest floor. 


On December 19, 1943, the Japanese staged an attack. The Americans got just minutes’ warning. A few escaped, slogging along streams and crawling through dense forest undergrowth. But the Japanese rounded up seventeen—five couples, three single women, a single man, and three young children.

The details of the martyrs' last hours aren’t known. Prof. Covell spoke at length with the Japanese commander. Whatever he said was compelling enough that the captain radioed his superiors for direction. But the response was resolute. The Americans would be executed. Man, woman and child.

Death was inevitable. The team made a small request—which turned out to be the note that resonated through history. They asked for a time of prayer together. 

What happened after that was awful. The three children—Terry Clardy, five; John Clardy, seven; and Douglas Rounds, nine—were taken away and bayoneted to death. The adults—men and women who’d served so selflessly as pastors, educators and medical missionaries, along with one family from the mining industry—were directed, one by one, into a grass hut where their executioner waited.

For the adults, the end was probably mercifully swift. Japanese soldiers were adept at severing a head with a single clean swipe of a katana sword. 

Tragically, an unknown number of Filipino hostages unfortunate enough to be grabbed by the Japanese on their way in to Hopevale were also murdered. 

Peggy Covell

"Missionary Kid" Peggy Covell had a profound impact
on P.O.W.s she served--and ultimately, on
thousands back in Japan.

The Covells' oldest daughter, Peggy, learned of her parents’ wanton execution in the spring of 1944. She was a senior at Keuka Collage in Keuka Park, New York. As she worked through her grief and considered her future, she felt the Lord’s leading to do the thing that would stress her forgiveness the most—use her fluent Japanese to serve the soldiers of the very nation that had martyred her parents.

She took a position as a counselor at a hospital 
near Fort Collins, Colorado, treating Japanese prisoners of war. When asked why she was so kind to the prisoners, Peggy stunned the men. 

“Because my parents were killed by the Japanese Army.” She explained that it was Jesus who'd washed away her hatred and given her love for all meneven enemies.

Mitsuo Fuchida

A navy pilot was deeply moved by Peggy's spirit of service. When he eventually returned to Japan, he told her story to his friend, Mitsuo Fuchida, the man who led the airstrike on Pearl Harbor. (I featured Fuchida’s story in my last post.)

Peggy’s stance mystified Fuchida, who 

“...could not understand such enemy-forgiving love. I had never heard of people returning good for evil. I desired all the more to discover the source of this power…” 

He determined to test the truth of her story. He researched her parents and their death. One detail especially intrigued him. 

When Peggy's parents asked for that time to pray, what did they pray?

Then he encountered Jesus’ words in Luke 23:24. “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.”

“Suddenly, I could understand the story of the American girl whose parents had been slain. Their prayer must have been the prayer of Christ.… The young girl’s love for the Japanese must be the answer to the prayer of her parents.”

Fuchida gave his life to Christ and became a powerful evangelist, bringing the message of God’s forgiveness through Christ to thousands of Japanese--but that was a tale for another post. :) 

I've seen Peggy Covell called an "ordinary person," but nothing about the Covell family and their self-sacrificing commitment to the Lord strikes me as ordinary. Not Peggy's determination to obey God even when it was difficult. Not the Hopevale Martyrs' willingness to live out their lives as "sojourners in a strange land" for the spread of the Gospel.

To me the moral of the tale is this. If you follow hard after God, you never know what detail of your story He might make use of.

Giveaway: Back by Popular Demand!

Would you like to read Mitsuo Fuchida's own words about the impact Peggy Covell had on his life? Last month I gave away three copies of Fuchida's book-length personal testimony, From Pearl Harbor to Calvary. (Kindle edition.) The giveaway was popular enough that I'm going to repeat it! Register for the drawing HERE by Wednesday, January 31. You'll also receive updates on The Plum Blooms in Winter, my debut novel inspired by the story of the Doolittle Raid's "lost crews."

The Plum Blooms in Winter is an American Christian Fiction Writers' Genesis winner. Inspired by a remarkable true story from World War II's pivotal Doolittle Raid, the novel follows a captured American pilot and a bereaved Japanese woman who targets him for ritual revenge. It launches from Mountain Brook Ink this October! :)

I live just outside Phoenix with my husband, a third-generation airline pilot who doubles as my Chief Military Research Officer. We share our home with two all-grown-up kids and a small platoon of housecats.


  1. Wow, Linda. What a touching story. This is one of those stories that shows us the bigger picture. We often wonder why God doesn't move on our behalf or save a good person who's dying, but He sees the whole picture and knows that a death today, can mean salvation for many souls down the road.

    1. Thank you, Vickie! Yeah, this challenges me. They didn't choose to die--they did their best to avoid it. But when they did, it *counted*, because of the way they lived. And you're right, God causes all things to work together for good, although sometimes we don't get to see how.

  2. looks like a wonderful book to read. I would love to be entered to win a copy. loved reading the blog.

    1. Thanks so much, Andrea! I'm really delighted it blessed you. Researching it blessed and challenged me too. Got your entry! Blessings, Linda

  3. A powerful post. A story I didn’t know. Thank you.

    1. Thanks, Stephanie! I'm really encouraged that it blessed you. Thank you so much for taking a minute to provide that feedback!

  4. Another powerful and beautiful testimony of God's amazing grace, mercy and forgiving others to minister to the loss. We question God so often when tragic strikes, but it's amazing how prayers and lives are changed as a result. Thank you for sharing this sad but yet happy rewarding post.

    1. Thank you so much, Marilyn! And I agree. It is so hard not to ask the why questions and to exercise that childlike faith. I'm hoping I'll bring this example to mind next time I question my amazing heavenly Father.... Blessings!

  5. Such a powerful that should be made into a film. So sad, and yet Peggy's ability to forgive those who murdered her parents opened the floodgates of God's grace. I would love to read your book.

    1. Thank you so much, Barbara! There actually have been a couple of attempts to make this story into a film, but so far funding hasn't materialized. I'm with you... it still gives me shivers even though I've been writing about this basic story for years!

  6. Wow! Among the best real life stories I’ve heard! Those were some faithful Christians! My mother’s family were missionaries to China . Mother was born in 1917 and just had her101 st Birthday. She has stories to tell. In fact she published a book of her memoirs only two years ago.
    These books would be interesting to read. Thanks.

    1. Fascinating! What's the name of your mother's book? What a godly heritage--you are blessed. Thanks so much for taking a minute to comment! Blessings, Linda

  7. Oh that I would be so bold and strong.

    1. I feel the same! I entered you in the drawing. :)

  8. Thanks so much to everyone for your interest! Congratulations to Angie, Paula and Connie for winning the drawing! Watch your emails this evening. :)