The Map Room is on the ground floor of the White House, home of the American President in Washington D.C.. It received its name in World War II, when it was used by President Franklin Roosevelt as a situation room.
|The Map Room, 1994. Public Domain.|
|Chester A. Arthur, a president who enjoyed billiards. Public Domain.|
When Theodore Roosevelt moved in, however, he got rid of the billiard room. An active man, he did not find the game inspiring. During his Administration, in 1902, the entire White House was renovated, and new uses were found for the updated, finished rooms on the ground floor.
President Wilson brought back the billiard room, but the Hoovers fashioned the chamber into a quieter space. It was used as doctor's treatment room, as a place for household staff to meet, and as a waiting room for guests.
In World War II, however, President Franklin D. Roosevelt used it as a place to follow the course of the war.
|Army Officer in the White House Map Room, WWII. https://goo.gl/images/EUY1ga|
|FDR, 1933. Elias Goldensky (1868-1943). Public Domain.|
In the early 1960's, the room was used as an office for the newly-minted Curator of the White House, and donations were cataloged here.
|Curator's office. Note the wood paneling from the Truman renovation. Robert Knudsen. White House Photographs. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston; public domain|
First Lady Betty Ford with Members of the National Women’s Party Following the Presentation of the First Alice Paul Award to Mrs. Ford in the Map Room at the White House. Gerald R. Ford White House Photographs 09/08/1974 - 20/01/1977. https://goo.gl/images/dcUqjF
The room was redecorated in again in 1994 in the Clinton Administration, in the Chippendale style, as it remains today.
|President Clinton in the Map Room. Public Domain.|
It is used for television interviews, small teas, and social gatherings. Here, President Obama was sworn into office for a second time by Chief Justice John Roberts, who'd accidentally flubbed the oath.
|Chief Justice Roberts administers the Oath of Office a second time, January 21, 2009. Public Domain.|