By Catherine Ulrich Brakefield
Five times more Irish-Americans are living in the United States than there are living in Ireland.
Americans who are full or have
part-Irish ancestry are usually very proud of their Irish heritage. Mainly
during St. Patrick's Day, where everyone wears a spark of green, eats corned
beef and cabbage, and toasts—either with green beer or green milkshakes.
Yes, it is all things Irish
on St. Patrick’s Day with pints of Guinness and bagpipers playing in the local
pubs and streets as dancers and marching bands parade down Main Street.
There is new evidence that
St. Augustine, Florida, could have hosted the first St. Patrick's Day
celebration. Historian Michael Francis discovered this while researching
Spanish gunpower expenditure logs and found records that indicate cannon blasts
of gunfire used to honored St. Patrick in 1600. An Irish priest who lived there
could have started this tradition.
The Bostonians had long claimed the first St. Patrick’s Day celebration in the American colonies back in 1737. The two dozen homesick Presbyterians who emigrated from the north of Ireland to America always gathered together to honor St. Patrick.
It wasn’t until the 19th
Century that the Irish lost their acceptable niche into America’s society. During
the mid-1800s, Irish Catholics came by the thousands to the teaming shores of
America’s harbors seeking refuge from starvation when Ireland’s potato crop failed.
The tide brought decadence and started discord as shop owners posted signs saying, "No Irish Need Apply." New York tenant slums of lower Manhattan emerged. Tens of thousands of Irish refugees found no work, little food, and desecrating persecution.
Irish poverty got so bad in America that when ships drew up into the South Street Seaport, returning from the tea trade in China, the Irish women would run down with their baskets and plead for any leftover salted beef they could confiscate from the ship’s cook. The price for these leftovers—a penny a pound.
The meal that would become the staple diet of the improvised Irish. The corned beef was an American-Irish innovation and replaced the ham they had used in Ireland and the traditional ham and cabbage diet.
Mike McCormack, the national historian for the Ancient Order of Hibernians, says, “It was the cheapest meat they could find. The Irish boil the beef three times—the last time with cabbage—to remove some of the brine.”
More than 150,000 Irishmen volunteered for service when Civil War broke out and enlisted in the Union Army. Most were recent immigrants and not yet United States citizens.
Though American life was hard for the Irish, they were fiercely loyal to their new homeland. An Irish unit was established which they called the “Irish Brigade”. An Army captain named Thomas Francis Meagher became the Brigadier General of the Irish Brigade in February 1862. There were three Union divisions, and to the south, there would be two Confederate Divisions that would form. Many times, as I wrote in Swept into Destiny, father and son sported opposing viewpoints and fought in opposing uniforms.
In 1861 the Irish marched down Main Street as detested immigrants. Who’s lives were worth little. They returned as heroes.
As the years progressed, so came more Irish heroes and heroines, winning over the American people with their tenacity, wit, and intelligence.
To name a few: George M. Cohen the composer of “Yankee Doodle Dandy”, “Over There”, “You’re a Grand Old Flag," and many, many more songs too numerous to list. Cohen won the Congressional Medal of Honor for his patriotic lyrics.
is a "self-confessed
tomboy." She gave the red-headed
Irish woman a completely new identity with her fiery wit and humor.
John F. Kennedy was the first Irish-Catholic President of the United States. His family traveled to the United States to seek their destiny during the poverty-worn Ireland and sought their fortune in America. Little did they know that part of their fortune would land an Irishman into the White House.Though he was born in the USA, Bruce Springsteen’s ancestry is in Emerald Isle from the Gerrity family in County Kildare and Springsteen's great-great-great-grandfather was a survivor of The Great Famine who fled Ireland for America.
Irish laws prohibited pubs
from being open on holy days. March 17 was a holy day honoring their patron
saint who brought to the island the knowledge of Jesus Christ and gave them freedom
from sin and damnation through accepting Jesus, through the analogy of the three-leaf
clover, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
The only legal place in
Ireland to get a drink was the Royal Dublin Dog Show. On March 17, you would be
amazed at how many gentlemen found a sudden attraction to that canine interest.
With the arrival of
television, Ireland became privy to the fun the Irish-Americans had across the sparkling
sea. In 1996 Dublin launched St. Patrick's Day Festival, which attracts one
million people each year.
Ah, but with more than thirty million Irish-Americans living in the United States—five times the population of Ireland, Irish-Americans still rule! So, on March 17, wear your green proudly, my Irish-American friends.
Swept into Destiny One brave decision leads to
A new republic looms on the horizon as Maggie secretly educates the slaves at Spirit Wind Manor. With the fires of civil war glowing on the horizon, Maggie is swept into its embers.
The handsome Irish immigrant
Ben McConnell joins the Union Army, and Maggie is forced to call him her enemy…
As the battle between North
and South rages, Maggie wonders if Ben is right. Had the Irishman perceived the
truth of what God had predestined for America?
Catherine says, "My
readers inspire me to write." She is an award-winning author of
inspirational historical romances Wilted Dandelions, Destiny of Heart, and
Waltz with Destiny. Her popular Destiny series include: Swept into Destiny,
Destiny's Whirlwind, Destiny of Heart, and Waltz with Destiny.
Catherine lives with her husband of 45 years, has two adult children and four grandchildren. See https://www.CatherineUlrichBrakefield.com for more information about her books.