Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Unsung Heroines in American History – by Donna Schlachter


With Women’s Month a blip in our rear view mirror, I wanted to share some fascinating stories about women in American History. We often think of Molly Brown, Calamity Jane, and Amelia Earhart when we consider women who made a difference in our history and culture, but there were many more we never hear about.

In researching this post, I found an article from Time magazine, my primary source. Feel free to check it out here: https://time.com/5786065/womens-history-month-women-to-know/ . All photos came from that article. (Please note, there are women featured in this article that I chose not to highlight primarily because of their political leanings and affiliations.)

Emilia Casanova de Villaverde




Emilia Casanova de Villeverde: She lived most of her life in New York City, serving tirelessly as an abolitionist. She formed a women’s club and raised funds to support the elderly, widows, and orphans. Her mansion in the South Bronx hid weapons and ammunition, to aid the liberation army in Cuba, in a series of vaults. Emilia passed in 1897.

If you’re thinking about writing about your own heroine who uses her wealth and position of influence in society, you might want to use Emilia as your model.

Dorothea Dix



Dorothea Dix: Dorothea’s focus was on asylum and prison reform. During her lifetime, 1802-1887, women were silent victims in both of these institutions. A husband or her parents could have a woman committed to an asylum indefinitely without a court hearing or psychological examination, merely because she spoke out against popular topics such as abolition, women’s rights, and many other topics.

Dorothea headed the Union Nurses during the Civil War, inspected prisons, jails, poorhouses, and workhouses. She forced states to allocate land, money, and legislative attention on the creation and improvement of these institutions.

A heroine in a story based on Dorothea might be portrayed as standing up to irate wardens, judges, and husbands to force better conditions for the incarcerated.

Laura Cornelius Kellogg

Laura Cornelius Kellogg: Laura was a Native woman, but also an activist, author, orator, and policy reformer. She helped found the Society of American Indians, which was run for and by American Indians. In doing so, she resisted the government’s policy to send Native American children to boarding schools, a direction that hoped to eradicate Native culture and language.

A Native American heroine based on Laura could share the story of Native children learning their tribal language in secret, for example.


Mary Tape at around 11 years old

Mary Tape: Born in China in 1857, Mary emigrates to the United States with her family, ending up as a servant in a brothel in San Francisco. She ran away, took on a different name, then met Joseph Tape while he was delivering milk. They marry, and together they build a prosperous transportation and immigration brokering business.

Despite their fabulous wealth, they are not immune from anti-Chinese sentiment and racial hostility. In 1884, their daughter is denied admission to public school, sparking the landmark court case Tape v. Hurley, which guarantees Chinese children the right to a public school education.

Perhaps this triggers an idea for a book about a rags-to-riches heroine who overcomes her past.



Maggie Lena Walker
 
Maggie Lena Walker: Maggie was the first black female bank president in the United States, founding the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in 1903. She was also a member of the Independent Order of St. Luke (IOSL), a secret society for women of color that was founded in the 1850s. In the 1920s, she, her bank, and the IOSL, provided financial services to more than one hundred thousand members in over twenty states, and was the largest employer of professional, white-collar black women in the country.

Regardless of color, any book featuring a heroine who was among the movers and shakers of her time would thrill readers.

Of course, there are plenty more unsung heroines in our history, but this sample of different ethnicities, different backgrounds, and different heart focus is a good example of what can be accomplished when we stand up for what is right.


About Donna:


A hybrid author, Donna writes squeaky clean historical and contemporary suspense. She has been published more than 60 times in books; is a member of several writers groups; facilitates a critique group; teaches writing classes; and judges in writing contests. She loves history and research, traveling extensively for both, and is an avid oil painter. She is taking all the information she’s learned along the way about the writing and publishing process, and is coaching committed career writers. Learn more at https://www.donnaschlachter.com/the-purpose-full-writer-coaching-programs Check out her coaching group on FB: https://www.facebook.com/groups/604220861766651



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Monday, May 27, 2024

Tadeusz Kościuszko, Son of Liberty

by Kit Hawthorne

Over the course of the American Revolutionary War, many European noblemen took it upon themselves to sail across the Atlantic and fight for the Patriot cause. One of these brave adventurers was Andrzej Tadeusz Bonaventura Kościuszko, born in 1746 to a family of small country landowners in eastern Poland.


Kościuszko in 1761, aged 15

As a member of the Polish Lithuanian gentry, Kościuszko came into frequent contact with his country’s serfs and was well aware of their miserable plight. In his day, a nobleman could buy, sell, or loan out his serfs. They owed him the bulk of their time and could not travel freely or practice a trade without his permission.

The gentry’s income came directly from their serfs’ labor. Kościuszko’s family owned only a single village, which put them near the lower end of the nobility spectrum. The death of Kościuszko’s father in 1758 made the family’s financial situation even more precarious. As a younger son, Kościuszko had few options for a future livelihood, so his mother used her influence to get him accepted at age nineteen to Warsaw’s new Royal Military Academy. Here he not only learned literature, languages, history, geography, law, mathematics, and military engineering, but also came under the influence of Oxford-trained Englishman John Lind, the school’s superintendent. Lind’s curriculum supported a philosophy that encouraged the students to reshape their country’s government with the goal of eventually elevating their peasants into citizens—a call to action that deeply impressed Kościuszko and his classmates.

Kościuszko ultimately finished his military education in France, where he was exposed to the work of François Quesnay, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Abbé Guillame Thomas Raynal, and other Enlightenment thinkers. Taken together, their writings explored the basis for a sound national prosperity, exposed the moral bankruptcy of slavery, and linked the plight of Polish serfs to that of American slaves.

The developing struggle in North America between England and its colonies mirrored the conflict between Poland and the eastern European powers that were determined to carve it up and annex it. At some point in 1776, Kościuszko made up his mind to cross the Atlantic and offer himself to the Continental Army, which desperately needed competent military engineers. By the middle of October, he’d been commissioned a colonel.

In 1779, Private Agrippa Hull was assigned as Kościuszko’s orderly. Hull was a freeborn Black man from western Massachusestts. His parents were members of their local Congregational church during the ministry of Jonathan Edwards, and Hull grew up in Stockbridge, an ethnically diverse village that included Black, white, and Native American families, whose children played together freely. (For a while, one of Jonathan Edwards’s young sons was more fluent in Mohawk and Mahican than in English.) Hull enlisted in the Continental Army in 1777 at age eighteen. He arrived at Ticonderoga just in time for the Saratoga Campaign, a British offensive meant to gain control of the Hudson Valley. In one of the more surprising upsets of the war, the Patriots gained the upper hand, winning a huge victory that convinced France to enter the war openly on the side of the Patriots.

Kościuszko took a great liking to Hull, whose wit, intelligence, and diligence made him a favorite with Patriot officers. The two became excellent friends and served together for the remainder of the war. According to legend, at the war’s close, Kościuszko begged Hull to return to Poland with him, but Hull refused. Hull mustered out in July of 1783, having become one of the longest-serving Patriot soldiers in the Revolutionary War. He returned to Stockbridge, where he married and lived to the age of eighty-nine as a beloved and valued member of the community.

Like many Continental officers, Kościuszko was awarded land in America as a reward for his service. He was also granted American citizenship, but chose to return to Poland, where he continued his distinguished military career by leading an insurrection against Russia and Prussia in 1794. The Kościuszko Uprising, also called the Polish Uprising of 1794, ultimately failed, but remains a vivid symbol of Poland’s long struggle for national sovereignty.


Portrait by Kazimierz Wojniakowski

Another lifelong friend that Kościuszko made during his time in the United States was Thomas Jefferson. Like Kościuszko, Jefferson had started as a member of his country’s minor gentry, but had risen to a position of leadership as the author of the Declaration of Independence. Both men were aware of, and troubled by, the glaring contradictions between the ideals set forth in that document and the enslavement of Black Americans. They made a pact to someday use Kościuszko’s fortune to purchase the freedom of Black slaves, including Jefferson’s own, and to provide for their education. To this end, Kościuszko made a will that outlined his wishes and named Jefferson as executor. Sadly, the plan was never carried out, due to a variety of factors, including the bequest’s legal complexities and Jefferson’s advanced age at the time of Kościuszko’s death. The case of Kościuszko’s will came up before the Supreme Court three times and continued to be tied up in court until 1856, nearly forty years after Kościuszko’s death in 1817. Ultimately, the money was used to found a school for Black Americans in Newark, New Jersey.

Today, Kościuszko is venerated as a hero by his Polish countrymen and by Polish Americans. Jefferson called him “as pure a son of liberty, as I have ever known.”


Portrait by Karl Gottlieb Schweikart

My upcoming release, Treason Trail, features Kościuszko and Hull as minor characters.

In the final days of the Revolutionary War, army nurse Nessa Shaw finds a wounded man who claims to be a Patriot but can’t remember anything else about himself besides his first name, August. As they grow closer, Nessa uncovers a deadly plot that challenges her trust in August and his loyalties, forcing her to reevaluate everything she thought she knew.





Kit spent years in a Celtic folk band, singing, composing, and playing Irish pennywhistle. She lives on a Texas farm that’s been in her husband’s family for seven generations. She’s an avid reader who enjoys logging her reads (and plotting her life) in her Bullet Journal. She also enjoys drawing, sewing, quilting, knitting, and restoring old furniture to beauty and usefulness. She writes historical romance and contemporary western romance. Find out more at kithawthorne.com.

Sunday, May 26, 2024

Woman Spy by Cindy Regnier

 

During the Revolutionary War, everyone who was a rebel sympathizer wanted to help. But what could a woman left at home with nine children do to make a difference? A courageous young mother by the name of Anna Smith Strong found a way Let’s find out what her role was in America’s fight for freedom.

Anna Smith Strong was born on April 14, 1740, and married Selah Strong III in 1760. Selah was a delegate to the first three provincial congresses in colonial New York and was a captain in the New York militia. Selah was imprisoned during the war by the British for suspected espionage. Anna remained on the family farm where she became a part of with General Washington’s Culper Spy Ring.

Anna Smith Strong

Anna Strong’s role was to relay signals to a courier named Caleb Brewster, who would row periodically across Long Island Sound to retrieve the information and take it to Washington’s headquarters. So how did she do this and get laundry done for nine children too? She constructed a clothesline on the edge of the farm where it was easily visible from a boat on the Sound. When she hung a black petticoat that was the signal that a message was ready to be picked up. She also hung white handkerchiefs alongside the petticoat, the number of white handkerchiefs identifying which cove of six locations where the informant would be waiting to deliver the message. The spy ring was such a well-kept secret that even General Washington did not know their identities. The details of the operation weren’t known by most people, even after the war until a trunk with old letters was discovered in 1939.

It is said that the Culper Spy Ring achieved more than any other intelligence network during the war. Among other accomplishments, they uncovered British plans to ambush the French Army in Rhode Island. They also uncovered information involving the secret negotiations between Benedict Arnold and the British to surrender the American fort at West Point. They were never caught, though some members were imprisoned for a time. After the war, Anna was reunited with her husband and they had their tenth child, George Washington Strong.


What would you have done in Anna’s place? Would you be brave enough to risk your home and family to deliver messages with a petticoat? We can all be grateful to Anna for the part she played in our American freedom.


 Scribbling in notebooks has been a habit of Cindy Regnier since she was old enough to hold a pencil. Born and raised in Kansas, she writes stories of historical Kansas, especially the Flint Hills area where she spent much of her childhood. Her experiences with the Flint Hills setting, her natural love for history, farming and animals, along with her interest in genealogical research give her the background and passion to write heart-fluttering historical romance.

Saturday, May 25, 2024

“Yes, Sir, General President!”--Part 2

By Jennifer Uhlarik

 


Last month, I shared some brief details about the first five United States Presidents who had achieved the rank of General in our U.S. Armed Forces before winning their presidential elections.  This month, I wanted to share the other five with you. But before I begin, I wanted to announce the winner of last month’s drawing—and to apologize for the delay. Between some pressing family matters and bothersome technology glitches, I was unable to post the winner sooner.

 

Without further ado—last month’s winner of the “Go Away, I’m Reading!” sign is:

 

CONNIE R!

 

Connie, please leave me your email address in a comment below, and I’ll contact you privately.

 

Now, without further delay—here is part two of our list of ten American presidents who reached the rank of General before serving as President of the United States.

 

Ulysses S. Grant


Born Hiram Ulysses Grant, he became known as “Ulysses S.” because of a mistake made in his nomination to West Point, an appointment Grant’s father finagled on his behalf. At first, Grant wasn’t fond of the military life and considered quitting the prestigious military academy. But he stuck it out, graduated 21st in his 39-member class in June 1843. His plan was to fulfill his required four years of service, then go on to a private life beyond the military. However, the Mexican-American war began during that span, and studying both Major General Zachary Taylor’s and Major General Winifred Scott’s styles during the conflict, he proved himself an innovative and capable leader. It was during this time he rose to the rank of brevet captain and decided that he could make a good life in the military. But once that war ended, he served in the military only a brief few years before resigning due to a developing issue with alcohol. It was after the first shots of the Civil War were fired that he again joined the ranks of the military, this time as a Colonel in charge of the 21stIllinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Over and over, he proved his military acumen, although not always without controversy. But for his loyalty, shrewdness, and skill, he eventually rose to the rank of Commanding General of the U.S. Army in 1864, and it was he who negotiated the surrender of the Confederate Army to end the Civil War in April 1865. He served as Commanding General of the U.S. Army until 1869, at which point he was elected President and served two terms fraught with problems and scandals.

 


Rutherford B. Hayes

Hayes attended Harvard Law School and became a lawyer of meager-to-moderate success. But when Fort Sumter was fired upon, beginning the Civil War, Hayes resolved any issues he had in his own mind about the coming war and, instead, joined a volunteer company, where he was promoted to rank of major. He distinguished himself in battle during the length of the war, suffering more than one injury and also having a horse shot out from under him. By October 1864, he’d reached the rank of brevet major general, and at the war’s end the following April, he mustered out of the army. Ulysses S. Grant said of Hayes, “his conduct on the field was marked by conspicuous gallantry as well as the display of qualities of a higher order than that of mere personal daring.” Hayes went on to a career in politics, serving as a U.S. Representative for Ohio, governor of the same state, and eventually President after a very disputed election. One of his first acts as President in 1877 was to end the Reconstruction Era.

 

James A. Garfield


After his father’s death, poverty defined James Garfield’s early days. By age 16, he left home to work on a canal boat, but only a short time later, he was forced to return home due to illness. It was during this time that his mother elicited his promise that he would attend one year of school, which he fulfilled—then went on to pursue college, read for the law, and serve a year in Ohio’s senate. Once the Civil War broke out, he remained in the senate long enough to help muster troops and procure weapons, then received a commission in the 42nd Ohio Infantry at the rank of colonel. He distinguished himself in January 1862 at the Battle of Middle Creek, and for his valor there, was promoted to brigadier general. Illness struck soon after, sending him home to recuperate, and when he returned, it was to the position of chief of staff to Major General William H. Rosencrans. By late 1863, he’d been elected to the United States Congress, a position he was reluctant to take until President Abraham Lincoln convinced him it was the right move. He remained there for some years and eventually ran for a won the presidency in 1881. Unfortunately, his term was cut short when Charles J. Guiteau shot him on July 2, 1881. Though he lingered until September 18 of the same year, he ultimately died of infection.

 


Benjamin Harrison

The second oldest of ten children, Benjamin Harrison was born in Ohio—the grandson of Former President William Henry Harrison. He graduated Miami University in Oxford, Ohio in 1852, married, and moved to Indiana, where he practiced law until 1862. At that point, he heard a call from President Lincoln for more Union Army recruits, and he answered by agreeing to help recruit a regiment. He was commissioned as a colonel in said regiment after turning down the command, since he had no military background. He earned a reputation as a strong leader and was well respected by his men. Because of his success in Resaca and Peachtree Creek, President Lincoln nominated him for the rank of brevet brigadier general, and Congress confirmed that nomination shortly before the war’s end. After the war’s end, Harrison returned to practicing law, as well as won election to the position of reporter of the Indiana Supreme Court—a position he'd held before the war, as well. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1881 to 1887, and won the presidency in 1888. He served for four years

 

Dwight D. Eisenhower


Known affectionately as “Ike”, Dwight D. Eisenhower is the only U.S. President who was also a general since the Civil War era. Eisenhower was a West Point graduate in 1915, and despite requesting to serve in Europe during World War I, ended up commanding a unit that trained tank crews. After that war, he achieved the rank of brigadier general, and went on to serve in the second World War. During his time in World War II, he oversaw the invasions of North Africa, Sicily, France, and Germany. After the war’s end, he served as military governor of American-occupied Germany, served as Army Chief of Staff for three years, and was the very first Supreme Commander of NATO. He won the 1952 and 1956 elections, both in landslides.

 


Award-winning, best-selling novelist Jennifer Uhlarik has loved the western genre since she read her first Louis L’Amour novel. She penned her first western while earning a writing degree from University of Tampa. Jennifer lives near Tampa with her husband and two furbabies. www.jenniferuhlarik.com

 

 





AVAILABLE NOW

 

Love’s Fortress by Jennifer Uhlarik


 

A Friendship From the Past Brings Closure to Dani’s Fractured Family

 

When Dani Sango’s art forger father passes away, Dani inherits his home. There, she finds a book of Native American drawings, which leads her to seek museum curator Brad Osgood’s help to decipher the ledger art. Why would her father have this book? Is it another forgery?

 

Brad Osgood longs to provide his four-year-old niece, Brynn, the safe home she desperately deserves. The last thing he needs is more drama, especially from a forger’s daughter. But when the two meet “accidentally” at St. Augustine’s 350-year-old Spanish fort, he can’t refuse the intriguing woman.

 

Broken Bow is among seventy-three Plains Indians transported to Florida in 1875 for incarceration at ancient Fort Marion. Sally Jo Harris and Luke Worthing dream of serving on a foreign mission field, but when the Indians reach St. Augustine, God changes their plans. However, when Sally Jo’s friendship with Broken Bow leads to false accusations, it could cost them their lives.

 

Can Dani discover how Broken Bow and Sally Jo’s story ends and how it impacted her father’s life?

 

 

Friday, May 24, 2024

Canadian Heroines: Harriet Rhue Hatchett

By Terrie Todd

In the middle of the American Civil War, a baby girl was born to two fugitive slaves who had escaped to Canada via the Underground Railroad. William Isaac Rhue had fled the Miles plantation in Virginia and had met Jane Serena Lewis of Kentucky in their travels. Together, they settled at Buxton, Ontario where their daughter, Harriet (Hattie) was born in 1863 and where they would raise another fifteen children as well. Their faith-filled home was abundant in music and musical instruments.

Hattie attended a one-room school near the Rhue farm and attended piano lessons at the Elgin Settlement School. At 17, graduated from Chatham Collegiate Institute.

By 1881, the need for teachers for former slaves in the southern United States was great. Encouraged by her pastor and her mother, 18-year-old Hattie traveled to Kentucky where she taught children and adults to read and write. Among her students was a man named Millard Hatchett, whom she married in 1892. Hattie continued teaching as three daughters and one son were born to them. In 1904, the family returned to North Buxton.

Hattie Hatchett, Canadian Federation of University Women Facebook page
Tragically, all three of their daughters became ill and died. Grief-stricken, Hattie turned to her music and her faith for consolation. Although she’d obtained a music-teaching certificate, she could not find work, due to racism and sexism. Teaching jobs were closed to married women. Despite not being hired as an organist in a white church, Hattie organized a choir for white churches. She also gave free music lessons out of her home and became much sought after in helping students prepare for recitals and music competitions.

Over the years, Hattie composed many original songs and became a popular performer for church, conferences, and community events. Her eclectic repertoire included classical, popular, spirituals, hymns, and children’s songs. Sadly, most of her compositions were lost in various fires over the years.

She did copyright three songs: two hymns called Jesus, Tender Shepherd Lead Us and That Land Beyond the Sky, and one song that would become increasingly popular as it was written specifically for Canadian soldiers during World War I. 

Black Construction Battalion, RCI Radio Canada

That Sacred Spot, from 1915, was chosen by Canon Frederick G. Scott, senior chaplain of the 1st Canadian Division and a poet himself, as the official marching song of the troops. It made the soldiers think of home. Its title refers to the spot where a soldier might die as being sacred to God. The song was born out of the pain of Hattie’s own grief for her deceased children. For several years, it was sung by school children on Remembrance Day.

“In foreign fields apart or in a row

There lies a soldier’s lonely grave so low.

Tremendous cost wherever it may be

Keep that Sacred Spot in living memory.”

Though many soldiers knew the song well, its origins remained unknown to most. That such an important piece of music was composed by a Black woman is a significant piece of Canadian history worth remembering.

Hattie Rhue Hatchett outlived her children and her husband, dying at the age of 94 in 1958.

Sources:

100 Canadian Heroines: Famous and Forgotten Faces, by Merna Forster, Dundurn Press, 2004

The Canadian Encyclopedia

In the dead-end Canadian town of Bleak Landing, Irish immigrant Bridget O’Sullivan lives in a shanty and dreams of another life as the Great Depression rages. Routinely beaten by her father and bullied by schoolmate Victor Harrison, the fiery redhead vows to run away and never return. Desiring to become anyone other than Bridget O’Sullivan, she never dreams the day will come when she must prove that’s exactly who she is—or that the one person who can vouch for her is her old nemesis, Victor. Can he also prove he’s a changed man worthy of her forgiveness and love?

Terrie Todd’s novels are set mostly in Manitoba, Canada where
she lives with her husband, Jon, in Portage la Prairie. They have three adult children and five grandsons. Her next novel, Even If We Cry, releases in November 2024.

Follow Terrie here:

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Thursday, May 23, 2024

DOUGHNUTS: THE “HOLE” STORY by Mary Davis

By Mary Davis


“Twixt optimist and pessimist

The difference is droll;

The optimist the doughnut sees -

The pessimist the hole.”

A poem in a New York Newspaper, 1904

Either by McLandburgh Wilson or Oscar Wilde


People have been deep frying these tasty treats—in one form or another—for millennia. One of the earliest mentions of something that sounds like it could be a doughnut is described like this, “. . . cakes mingled with oil, of fine flour, fried.” Leviticus 7:12, the Bible. Now, that might not be an actual doughnut, but when you fry cakes, that’s close enough to being a doughnut for this gal.


It’s hard to trace the history of doughnuts. Differing foodies give credit to Dutch, English, or German as the origin. When the Dutch came to Manhattan (then called New Amsterdam), they had a deep-fried sweet dough called olykoeks, a.k.a. oil balls. The English had a similar fried-dough treat. However, neither of these were the variety we think of with a hole in them.


Until 1847, doughnuts were hunks of deep-fried dough, often crispy on the outside with a doughy, uncooked center. A sixteen-year-old sailor Hanson Gregory on a lime-trading schooner claims he came up with the hole-in-the-center doughnut. He used the lid of a small pepper tin to cut out the center, removing what usually remained uncooked. Or, an alternate version claims, as the ship’s captain, Gregory requested something that he could put on the ship’s wheel while piloting through a storm, and a sailor came up with the hole in the doughnut. The story varies, but either way, Gregory is credited with the hole-in-the-middle invention. When he returned home to Maine and showed his mother, she began cooking them up, making them a local smash hit.

It’s easy to see how the first half of doughnut came about, but where did the “nut” come from? Three theories on that one. The first is that early ones were shaped a little like nuts. The second is that the Dutch sometimes filled the center (that often came out doughy) with things like almonds, walnuts, and other nuts, or even dried fruit. The nut would take up the space that normally didn’t cook, solving the problem. The third is that some early doughnuts were twisted and called dough knots. Perhaps, all three are true and came together in unity to be known as doughnuts.


Though a well-loved treat now, they weren’t fully embraced throughout the 19th century until the Salvation Army took them to war in the 1910s. Two hundred and fifty Salvation Army volunteers went to the French front during WWI to provide snacks and food for the soldiers. The ladies had wanted to bake cakes and pies, but ovens weren’t available in the trenches. However, pots (and sometimes helmets) along with lard were, so they deep-fried doughnuts. They used juice bottles and shell casings to roll the dough. Then they cut them out with an empty baking powder tin and made the center hole with a broken part from an old coffee pot.

These ladies would be referred to as doughnut lassies, doughnut dolls, or doughnut girls. When the regiment leader told the ladies they had to stop serving doughnuts to men under fire, one volunteer said, “Colonel, we can die with the men, but we cannot leave them.” When the men returned from war, so did their appetites for doughnuts, contributing to the spread of these tasty treats.


Jewish Russian refugee immigrant Adolph Levitt opened many different kinds of shops after coming to the US. All failed until he opened a doughnut shop in Gotham, NY. People lined up around the block to try his creation. He couldn’t keep up with demand and realized he needed to develop a machine to speed up the process.


On a train, Levitt met an engineer, and together in 1920, they developed a working machine that rolled, cut, and fried the doughnuts—after the first eleven attempts had failed. Now, Levitt could produce hundreds of doughnuts an hour to keep up with the demand.

The poem at the beginning of this post was updated in 1929 by a Charleston, West Virginia restaurant to:

As you ramble on through life, brother,

Whatever be your goal,

Keep your eye upon the doughnut and not upon the hole.”


Adolph Levitt had this version of the quote on the front door of all of his shops and on the doughnut boxes.


At the 1934 World’s Fair, doughnuts were touted as “the food hit of the Century Of Progress”, causing them to race across the country with almost instant success.


National Doughnut Day is only two weeks away on June 7th! It’s the first Friday of June each year. It was started in 1938 as a fundraiser by the Salvation Army for needy people during the Great Depression. It is to celebrate the brave lady volunteers of the Salvation Army who went to the frontlines during the First World War to provide food for the soldiers. Some people say that November 5th is National Doughnut day, but no one really knows why. Its main focus is simply on doughnuts. But why choose? Many celebrate both days by eating doughnuts. Works for me.

Here is a link to “The Parable of the Donuts”.

https://www.godsotherways.com/stories/2020/3/25/do-the-next-thing-4baw5-8faz4-8858t-9sdzk-dymwr-n38h7-bgk88-s5nrc-7z7dn


I’ve always loved maple bars (long johns), but as I’ve gotten older, I can only eat about a third of one at a time. Were they always that puckeringly sweet? But they are still mm-mm good.


What’s your favorite kind of doughnut?



THE QUILTING CIRCLE SERIES Box Set

Historical Romance Series

By Mary Davis

THE WIDOW’S PLIGHT (Book1) – Will a secret clouding a single mother’s past cost Lily her loved ones?

THE DAUGHTER’S PREDICAMENT (Book2) *SELAH & WRMA Finalist* – As Isabelle’s romance prospects turn in her favor, a family scandal derails her dreams.

THE DAMSEL’S INTENT (Book3) *SELAH Winner* – Nicole heads down the mountain to fetch herself a husband. Can she learn to be enough of a lady to snag the handsome rancher?

THE DÉBUTANTE’S SECRET (Book4) – Complications arise when a fancy French lady steps off the train and into Deputy Montana’s arms.

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CNZPRRS2/ref=sr_1_7?crid=3NJNTQ5SD1WGB&keywords=the+quilting+circle+by+mary+davis&qid=1700957455&s=digital-text&sprefix=%2Cdigital-text%2C155&sr=1-7

 



MARY DAVIS, bestselling, award-winning novelist, has over thirty titles in both historical and contemporary themes. Her latest release is THE LADY’S MISSION. Her other novels include THE DÉBUTANTE'S SECRET (Quilting Circle Book 4) THE DAMSEL’S INTENT (The Quilting Circle Book 3) is a SELAH Award Winner. Some of her other recent titles include; THE WIDOW'S PLIGHT, THE DAUGHTER'S PREDICAMENT, “Zola’s Cross-Country Adventure” in The MISSAdventure Brides Collection, Prodigal Daughters Amish series, "Holly and Ivy" in A Bouquet of Brides Collection, and "Bygones" in Thimbles and Threads. She is a member of ACFW and active in critique groups.

Mary lives in the Pacific Northwest with her husband of thirty-seven years and one cat. She has three adult children and three incredibly adorable grandchildren. Find her online at:
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Sources:

https://www.mentalfloss.com/posts/doughnut-history

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Donut_Day

https://nationaltoday.com/national-donut-day/

https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/national-donut-day-ctrp/index.html

https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/technology/visionaries/doughnuts-a-rounded-history-and-a-well-oiled-machine/

https://www.thespruceeats.com/the-history-of-doughnuts-1328766

https://www.myjewishlearning.com/the-nosher/how-this-jewish-immigrant-revolutionized-donuts-in-the-u-s/

https://www.roses2rainbows.com/2017/11/the-wisdom-of-doughnut.html