War has been around since the beginning of time and the bible talks about wars and rumors of war in the end times. It seems it is something we as humans can never get away from. I thought I'd share an overview of some of the 19th century American wars. Unfortunately it would take many posts to cover all the wars we have been involved in. It seems we go very few years without getting into a conflict somewhere.
Battle of Trenton by Charles McBarron.jpg Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38533645
LENGTH: Eight years
CAUSE: The war was brought on by what many Americans believed to be illegal and unjust taxes levied on them by Parliamentary acts. The war was preceded by patriots protests in 1773 when they destroyed a shipment of tea in the Boston Harbor. The British retaliated by closing the Boston Harbor. A very important harbor for the colonists as imports passed through there. The protests and retaliation soon turned into the Revolutionary War. Colonists were aided by France, Spain, and The Netherlands. Britain hired German Mercenaries called Hessians to aid the in their fight.
RESULT: Victory American freedom
|Northwest Indian War|
By Unknown author - http://digitalcollection.chicagohistory.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p16029coll3/id/1660/rec/2, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1465165
NORTHWEST INDIAN WAR
LENGTH: Ten years
CAUSE: This war was a fight for the Northwest Territory. The conflict had been on going as the United states tried to take control of the territory that The Treaty of Paris had granted them. The U.S. wanted to force Britain to ceded control to the United States. But there were many Indian tribes who were fighting for their land and homes and were not going to let a white-man's treaty take them from them. The Indian's had much to lose and went to war against the expansion into the North West Territory. They had limited support from the British as the British continued to have forts in the NW Territory. The Native American tribes joined together and thus the Northwest Indian War (also known as the Ohio war and Little Turtle's War).
RESULT: Victory for the United States- American occupation of the Northwest Territory
|The Barbary Wars|
By Edward Moran - Naval History and Heritage Command: Photo #: KN-10849 (Color), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=323305
THE BARBARY WARS
DATES: 1801-1805 & 1815-1816
LENGTH: Total of five years
CAUSE: The Barbary States were a group of North African states that not only allowed piracy but encouraged it. They targeted weaker Atlantic countries who could not defend their ships. The United States while it was part of Britain enjoyed the protection that the British afforded them, however, upon America's freedom they not only lost that protection but found that the British informed the Barbary States that the US ships were no longer under their protection and open for attack. The piracy not only looted ships but took captives that were then ransomed.The United States went to war against piracy in attempt to protect their merchant ships. The merchant ships were vital to the United States as the country imported and exported cargo, keeping a prosperous economy.
RESULTS: Both wars ended in Peace treaties
|The War of 1812|
John David Kelly, Anton Otto Fischer, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19406500
THE WAR OF 1812
LENGTH: Three years
CAUSE: British war with France was largely to blame for this war. Britain had many trespasses that pushed the young American country back into war with Britain. They blockaded American trade with France, hurting the American economy. They also supported the Native American tribes in fighting the American settlers attempting to move west into the frontier country, By doing this they kept peace at bay. And finally the Royal Navy began impressing American merchant sailors. The British had impressed close to 10,000 American merchant sailors into service. Finally the United States had been pushed too far and declared war against Britain.
RESULT: Depends on who you ask. Truly it was more a stalemate than anything else.
THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN WARDATE: 1846-1848
LENGTH: Two years
CAUSE: The Texas Revolution took place in 1836. The new Texans created a republic that Mexico did not recognize. So in 1845 when the United States annexed Texas, Mexico still considered the annexed Texas as part of its territory. With both countries claiming Texas Mexico declared war on the United States.
RESULT: Victory Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
|The American Civil War|
By Excel23 - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35844165
THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
LENGTH: Four years
CAUSE: Although we've all been told it was over the moral issue of slavery, that isn't the entire truth. The truth lies a little deeper. It did tie in with slavery in that the Southern states wanted to assert their authority over the federal government, and one of those issues was slavery. It was more about the economics of slavery and not being subject to the United States Government but being only accountable to themselves. Now this was prompted by the Southern states not wanting to have to give up their slaves. So yes, it had to do with slavery but no it wasn't over the moral issue of slavery but states rights.
RESULTS: Victory and beginning of The Reconstruction Period
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
LENGTH: 4 Months
CAUSE: For many years Cuba revolted against Spanish rule. The United States eventually backed these revolts. The United States was divided on going to war. Newspaper propaganda encouraged war, but the business community just recovering from a deep depression were adamant against war. However when the US Navy battleship Maine sunk in the Havana harbor mysteriously the Democratic Party pushed the Republican President William McKinley into war.
This is just a fraction of the war/conflicts the American military fought in during the 19th century. Below is a list of more conflicts and wars. I counted seventy total. It is sad to note how many battles were fought with the Native American Indians. But even beyond that the amount of conflicts we as a nation we fought in over the end of the 18th century and the 19th century is staggering.
Chickamunga War (1776-1795)
Northwest Indian War (1785–1793)
Shay's Rebellion (1876-1877)
Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794)
US Slave Rebellions (1800-1865)
1811 Coast Uprising (1811)
Tecumseh's War (1811)
Creek War (1813-1814)
First Seminole War (1817-1818)
Texas-Indian War (1820-1875)
Arikara War (1823)
Aegean Sea Anti-Piracy Operations (1825-1828)
Winnebago War (1827)
First Sumatran Expedition (1832)
Black Hawk War (1832)
Second Seminole War (1835-1842)
Second Sumatran Expedition (1838)
Cayuse War (1847-1855)
Apache Wars (1851-1900)
Puget Sound War (1855-1856)
First Fiji Expedition (1855)
Rogue River Wars (1855-1856)
Third Seminole War (1855-1858)
Yakima War (1855-1858)
Bleeding Kansas (1855-1860)
Second Opium War (1856-1859) we were not part of the First Opium War
Utah War (1857-1858)
Navajo Wars (1858-1866)
Second Fiji Expedition (1859)
John Brown's Raid on Harper Ferry (1859)
The First and Second Cortina War (1859-1861)
Paiute War (1860)
Yavapai Wars (1861-1875)
Dakota War of 1862 (1862)
Colorado War (1863-1865)
Shimonoseki War (1863-1864)
Snake War (1864-1868)
Powder River War (1865)
Red Cloud's War (1866-1868)
Formosa Expedition (1867)
Comanche Campaign (1867-1875)
United States Expedition to Korea (1871)
Modoc War (1872-1873)
Red River War (1874-1875)
Las Cuevas War (1875)
Great Sioux War of 1876 (1876-1877)
Buffalo Hunter's War (1876-1877)
Nez Perce War (1877)
Bannock War (1878)
Cheyenne War (1878-1879)
Sheepeater Indian War (1879)
Victorio's War (1879-1881)
White River War (1879-1880)
Pine Ridge Campaign (1890-1891)
Garza Revolution (1891-1893)
US intervention into Hawaiian Revolution (1893)
Rio de Janeiro Affair (1894)
Yaqui Wars (1896-1918)
Second Samoan Civil War (1898-1899)
Philippine-American War (1899-1902)
Moro Rebellion (1899-1913)
Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901)
I'm giving away a copy of choice of one of my books to one lucky winner, Shattered Memories or Sword of Forgiveness. To be entered into the giveaway tell me what surprised you most about this post or tell us something you know about one of the 70 wars of the 19th century. Giveaway ends 1/14/17.
Olivia Macqueen wakes in a makeshift hospital, recovering from a head injury. With amnesia stealing a year of her memories, she has trouble discerning between lies and truth. When her memories start returning in bits and pieces, she must keep up the charade of amnesia until she can find out the truth behind the embezzlement of her family’s business while evading the danger lurking around her. Doctor Drew Warwick frantically searches through the rubble left by the Charleston earthquake for the lady who owns his heart. He finds her injured and lifeless. When she regains consciousness, the doctor’s hopes are dashed as he realizes she doesn’t remember him. But things only get worse after he discovers she believes she’s still engaged to the abusive scoundrel, Lloyd Pratt. Now Drew is on a race with the wedding clock to either help her remember or win her heart again before she marries the wrong man.
Debbie Lynne has enjoyed writing stories since she was eight years old. She raised her family and then embarked on her own career of writing the stories that had been begging to be told. She and her husband have four children and live in upstate South Carolina. She has worked in many capacities in her church and is currently the Children’s director. Debbie Lynne has shown and raised Shetland sheepdogs for eighteen years and still enjoys litters now and then. In their spare time, She and her husband enjoy camping and riding their Arabian and Tennessee Walking horses. Visit Debbie Lynne at www.debbielynnecostello.com www.theswordandspirit.blogspot.com https://www.facebook.com/debbielynnecostello https://plus.google.com/+DebbieLynneCostello/posts https://twitter.com/DebiLynCostello